part 30) Export and Import


A) Import
Import actually means importing goods. This term is not used only for commodity, but it is also used for services. Import means that goods are imported from a specific country into a specific customs territory in another country. For this purpose, there is a need to exchange currency between the country of origin and the country of destination and the third country. Simply expressed, currency is exchanged between the seller and the buyer. In general, there are 4 categories in the field of import.
1. Definitive import
In the field of import and export, there is generally a matter of definitive import, which involves several methods based on the manner of payment.
The first method of definitive import is to import goods by the use of purchased currency and banking systems to open credit. The other type relates to free exchange import, which also includes credit opening.
In the definitive import list, there is a subject as "import versus export"in the name of the exporting person by the use of export license which is non-transferable.
Import without currency transfer from foreign investments is also in the list, which is confirmed by economic affairs.

2. Temporary import
As its name implies, this type of import and export operates in the sense that some goods enter the country in a specific way and must exit the country at a specific time. This option has been seen repeatedly for foreign goods to be used at international exhibitions at a specific time. Cameras are an obvious example in this case of import and export. In fact, the customs contract is temporary.

3. Returned goods
The third part of the import and export is related to returned goods and in general, this is very important in the import and export laws. Returned goods refers to goods imported into the country but should be returned for various reasons. In fact, returned goods are in the list of non-definitive import, and are considered of temporary type.

4. External and internal transit
External transit means that foreign goods must import the territory of one country and exit the territory of another country at a specified point in boarder. These goods is never considered definitive export or import.
Suppose, for example, that goods is to be imported through the Iranian border with Turkmenistan. The goods must be exported to a third country at the Iranian maritime borders and need to be loaded by ship.
Internal transit is for unregistered goods in the custom house, so that they may be transported to another custom house.

Import services :

The New World Institute is ready to enter into contracts with overseas companies and firms to import goods and services into the country.
The New World Institute's actions following the contract to import goods and services are as follows.
1. Obtaining legal licenses to import goods and services;
2. Providing solution for ease of import;
3. Clearance of goods from customs and consultation with the competent legal authorities;
4. Consultation on distribution of goods and services in the country;
5. Transport of goods across legal boundaries to designated destinations;
6. Providing receipt report and shipping report to the origin company; and
7. Providing final information after operation
Employing the best manpower and using legal solutions, The New World Institute has enabled overseas companies and businesses to deliver products and services domestically at the highest quality.

B) Export
In general, monetization is one of the most important sectors of economic development. In fact, selling a product and providing services to other countries is called export.
The exporter refers to any natural or legal person who holds a business card or licensed by the Ministry of Commerce. Generally, there are two persons in the import and export laws as exporter and importer. As the evidence suggests, export has different stages to be considered.
The first part in import and export which is also listed in the export process, is marketing. Marketing means that foreign markets are well known and there is specific ways to penetrate them. Using effective advertising methods will have a great role in the success of an exporter.
Obtaining export license is the second stage of import and export; however, according to the latest information available to us, only certain goods require import licenses. In the export, export pricing is an important concept. In fact, the exporter has to provide a correct pricing by the rating commission to determine the price of his export items. The exporter must also act according to the stated price.
Issuing proforma is one of the other stages of import and export, which means that the exporter must send the buyer a proforma containing the product specifications. In the next sections of exports, there is the concept of supply and packaging, meaning that the goods must be prepared and packaged in accordance with the existing agreement.
The buyer then applies for the certificate, and needs to obtain certificate by the institutions agreed upon by both parties to the transaction. The issuer of a commodity must provide evidence indicating that it does not refuse to submit a foreign exchange commitment paper.
Keep in mind that there must be a specific contract for shipping and insurance in terms of import and export, and the exporter must sign a contract with one of the reputable shipping companies. The goods must be insured until it reaches the destination. Next, the goods is shipped to the custom house and the deposit is generally finalized.

Export services
The New World Institute takes the following steps to export goods and services of domestic companies abroad:
1. Obtaining an export license from the origin company or, if not possible, obtaining legal licenses from the competent authorities;
2. Supervising and managing the transport of goods from origin to borders and from borders to destination;
3. Providing advice and solutions to facilitate export for companies;
4. Report on the operation of the origin company and the necessary coordination with the customs inside and outside the country;
5. Carriage of goods from the origin of companies within the country to the borders and from the borders to the designated destinations after leaving the country; and
6. Submitting a final report to the origin company.